Are you tired of your photos looking flat and lacking depth? Do you want to add a touch of magic to your images? Look no further than bokeh, a photography technique that creates beautiful background blur. In this article, we’ll explore what bokeh is, how to achieve it, and tips for creating stunning background blur.

What is Bokeh?

Bokeh, derived from the Japanese word meaning ‘blur’ or ‘haze’, refers to the aesthetic quality of the out-of-focus areas in a photograph. It is created by using a shallow depth of field, where the subject is in sharp focus while the background appears soft and dreamy.


Choosing the Right Lens

The first step to achieving bokeh is selecting the right lens. Prime lenses with wide apertures, such as f/1.4 or f/1.8, are ideal for creating a shallow depth of field and beautiful background blur. These lenses allow more light to enter the camera, resulting in a narrower depth of field and creamy bokeh.

Using Aperture Priority Mode

To control the depth of field and achieve bokeh, switch your camera to Aperture Priority mode. This mode allows you to manually set the aperture while the camera adjusts the other settings accordingly. Start by selecting the widest aperture your lens offers (e.g. f/1.4) to create a shallow depth of field and maximize background blur.

Creating Distance between Subject and Background

To enhance bokeh, create distance between your subject and the background. The further the background is from the subject, the more blurred it will appear. Position your subject close to the camera and ensure there is ample space between the subject and the background for a truly mesmerizing bokeh effect.

Using Backlighting

Backlighting refers to positioning the main source of light behind your subject. This technique not only creates a beautiful rim light around your subject, but it also adds depth and enhances the bokeh. Experiment with shooting during the ‘golden hour’ when the sunlight is soft and warm for a magical bokeh-filled image.

Experimenting with Shapes

One of the fascinating aspects of bokeh is the ability to shape the out-of-focus areas by using creative aperture blades. Some lenses come with aperture blades that produce unique bokeh shapes, such as hearts, stars, or hexagons. Explore the possibilities by experimenting with different lens options to achieve bokeh with a personalized touch.

Tips for Achieving Perfect Bokeh

  • Use a prime lens with a wide aperture for a shallower depth of field.
  • Shoot in Aperture Priority mode and set the widest aperture possible.
  • Create distance between your subject and the background for better background blur.
  • Position the main light source behind your subject for enhanced bokeh.
  • Experiment with creative aperture blades to achieve unique bokeh shapes.


Bokeh adds a touch of magic and artistry to your photographs. By understanding the concept of bokeh, selecting the right lens, utilizing aperture priority mode, creating distance between subject and background, using backlighting, and experimenting with shapes, you can achieve stunning background blur that elevates your images to a whole new level. Now, go out there and capture the world with beautiful bokeh!